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The Facts Behind The Battle of Panipat

The Second Battle of Panipat was fought was fought on November 5, 1556 between the forces led by Hemu (the general and chief minister of Adil Shah Suri) and the forces of the of the Mughal emperor, Akbar.

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Battle view of Panipat

Background

 

After the demise of Babur(founder of Mughal empire), Humayun succeeded the throne of Delhi. However after the Battle of Kannauj  on 17 May 1540 , Sher Khan(Sher shah Suri) became the master of Agra and Delhi. Mughal Empire was put to an end for a while and Humayun lived in exile for the next 15 years and Sher Khan founded the Suri Dynasty. After that Islam Shah Suri ascended the throne of Suri dynasty after the death of Sher Shah Suri in 1545 at Kalinjar.

 

Islam Shah Suri was a bigot ruler, but died in 1554.  With the death of these two , the Suri Empire was caught up in a succession battle. Humayun used this perfect opportunity for the Mughals to march back to India and regain the lost power at Delhi in 1540. Humayun with Bairam Khan, commander-in-chief of the Mughal army fought the Battle of Sirhind against Sikandar Shah Suri in 1555 and became victorious.

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Forces of Both Side

Finally,the Mughal Empire regained control over Delhi and Agra after 15 years. Islam Shah was ascended the throne when he his 12 year old, Firoz shah suri. But after a short period of time, Adil Shah Suri maternal uncle of Firoz shah murdered him and ascended the throne of Suri Empire. He appointed Hemu (commander in chief of the Suri forces) as his Chief Minister. Most of the affairs related to the state were left to Hemu as Adil Shah Suri was interested in luxury and pleasure and trust his work.

Battle of Panipat , mughals history , history myghal , itihaass , history blogs , mughal empire , akbar , rajputana history , battles , indian history
Bairam Khan and other Mughals Warriors Making panning against Raja Hemu

After that Humayun died on 27 January 1556 and succeeded by Akbar. Bairam Khan was appointed reagent over the young king Akbar.  When Humayun died Tardi Beg Khan was the governor of Delhi. Humayun’s death gives a great opportunity for Suri dynasty to defeat Mughals and regain the lost empire.

 

With the spreading  news from Tughlaqabad, Akbar and Bairam khan started marching to Delhi. On 5 November 1556 Mughal army met Hemu’s forces on the battle field of Panipat.

Battle of Panipat , mughals history , history myghal , itihaass , history blogs , mughal empire , akbar , rajputana history , battles , indian history
Forces of Raja Hemu

Earlier, before the battle Hemu lost his artillery to the Mughals, still his forces are large in number than compare to the Mughal forces. Hemu himself lead his forces into the battle field. While the mughal army was lead by  Ali Quli Khan Shaibani in the centre with Sikandar Khan Uzbak in the right wing and  in the left wing Abdulla Khan Uzbak . Akbar and Bairam Khan stayed in the rear.

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