The Ambitious Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh was born on 3 November 1688 to September 1743 and was the Hindu Rajput ruler of the Kingdom of Amber (now called as Jaipur). Maharaja was born at Amber, the capital of the Kachwahas. Maharaja became ruler of Amber at the age of 11 afterward his father Maharaja Bishan Singh died on 31 December 1699. Maharaja was given a title of “Sawai” by the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb in the year 1699.
Who had requested him to Delhi, impressed by his joke. Next, he has proven to be Sawai also in battle. On 21 April 1721, the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah grant upon him the title of Saramad-i-Rajaha-i-Hind and on 2 June 1723, the King further grant him the titles of Raj Rajeshvar, Shri Shantanu Ji and Maharaja Sawai.]“Sawai” meaning one and a quarter times admirable to his contemporaries. These titles beautify his heir even to this date. He had a huge interest in architecture, mathematics, and astronomy.
Sawai Jai Singh’s equipped forces and his Aspiration in Rajputana
Maharaja Jai Singh expanded the size of his tribal kingdom by addendum lands from the Mughals and rebel chieftains consistently by paying money and sometimes through war. The most considerable addition was of Shekhawati, which also gave Maharaja Jai Singh the ablest trainee for his fast-expanding army.
According to the measure by Jadunath Sarkar; Jai Singh’s daily army did not outpace 40,000 men, which would have cost about 60 lakhs a year, but his toughness lay in a large number of Artillery and extensive supply of explosives which he was accurate to maintain and his rule of arming his foot with matchlocks instead of the classic Rajput sword and Shield .
Maharaja had the Knowledge to notice early the change which weapon had introduced in Indian warfare and to prepare for himself for the new war by raising the firepower of his army to the maximum,
he thus has foreseen the success of later Indian rulers like Mahadji Sindhia, Mirza Najaf Khan, and Tipu Sultan. Sawai Jai Singh’s empirical weapon, the Jaivana which he created preceding to the shift of his capital to Jaipur, remains the largest wheeled Cannon in the world. In 1732, Sawai Jai Singh, as governor of Malwar commences, to maintain 30,000 soldiers, in equal proportions of horsemen and foot commandos.
These did not include his unforeseen in the Subahs of Agra and Ajmer and in his own empire and fort stronghold. The armed strength of Jai Singh had always made him, the most formidable ruler in Nother India and all the other Rajas looked up to him for protection and the promotion of their interests at the Imperial court.
The fast-spreading Maratha dominion and their raids into the north had caused alarm among the Rajput chief Jai Singh called a conference of Rajput rulers at Hurda (1734) to deal with this hazard but nothing came of this session.In 1736 Peshwa Baji Rao place honor on the Kingdom of Mewar. To defeat further Maratha dominance Sawai Jai Singh prepared a local hegemony, to form under the leadership of Jaipur, a political union in Rajputana.
He first takes over Bundi and Rampura in the Malwa highland, made a martial alliance with Mewar, and involved in the affairs of the Rathors of Jodhpur and Bikaner. These half-successful attacks only reinforce the backs of the other Rajput clans who turned to the very same Marathas for the benefit,
and consequently accelerate their dominance over Rajasthan! Jai Singh’s hope in Rajputana failed after the Battle of Gangwana, and his death in 1743 (Jai Singh was incinerated at the Royal Crematorium at Gaitore in the north of Jaipur) left problem to be inherited by his less capable son Ishwari Singh.