Kota is situated on the eastern bank of the Chambal at a Distance of 120 miles from Ajmer and 45 miles from Baran, stands enclosed by a massive wall on the southern extremity of which the fort lies on a moderate eminence. The structure of Kota, Tod tells us, is very Majestic and impresses the mind with a more lively idea of wealth and activity than most cities in India. A strong wall with fort runs Parallel to, and at no great distance from, the river at the southern surcease of which is the palace (placed within a panoply separated from the town) whose cupolas and weak steeple give to it an air of light chivalry. The eye oneself on the bound fort to the north which is a little fort which is a little fort in itself and commands the country on both banks.
The city of Kota is surrounded by huge vast buckler wall of unusual height, sixty to seventy feet on three sides. Chambal, the boon of Rajasthan which flows throughout the Year on the western side forms a natural highest moat to the fort as well as to the city. This buckler wall with portholes and loopholes stand unparalleled in Rajasthan and there is nothing in the country except the buckler of Agra, to compete with it. To quote tod again, ”the very large Palladium of the capital with which there is nothing in India to compete save the walls of Agra, were executed by Dallel khan.”
This vast and huge equipped wall stands pierced with six gorgeous gates, among which Surajpol, Kishorpur gate, Palanpol, Kaithuni Pol are very majestic. The wall encloses a vast area of 12 miles from three sides leaving the fourth to be defended by the over-flowing Chambal which remain as a perpetual witness to the scenes of extraordinary importance.
The fort of Kota is situated on the southern surcease of the buckler walls on the land of moderate greatness, which is not more than 150 feet from the top to the level of Chambal flowing just below the fort. This fort protected by very large palladium on three sides and guarded by the bottomless depth of the turbulent Chambal was built by Madho Singh in or about 1631 A.D. He further guarded the city by erecting the famous buckler wall. Palanpol, Kaithunipol, Kishorpur gates were else constructed by him.
The main gate in the fort is built in the usual style and flanked by protecting balconies. The turret to the southern side is vast, huge and very large while those erected to the north are marked by their rather weak from and upward height. These turrets stand studded together side by side and form a buckler wall of themselves.
These were erected in this particular way to afford special protection against the enemy attack. The upward height of these turrets hardly leaves any possibility of escalating and commands the view on both sides of the river. A circle of these turrets is formed here and it gives this portion the shape of a fort within the turret.
These turrets to the south as stated above are also very vast, broad and stout. The space between the series of these towers stands duly protected by the equipped wall crowning the palaces. Some towers connected with the buckles are also thrown along the way of the fort. These towers and bucklers of the fort were built by Rao Mukand Singh. One thing deserves special notice. The fort was erected at a time when great fort of Delhi and Agra had already been constructed.
Hence the strong points of the Mughal military architecture, huge bucklers walls of unusual height, vast gates, a cluster of grand turrets etc .were freely borrowed by Madhosingh who served for the most part of his life in the Mughal army.
While adopting the advantageous methods of the Mughals, the ancient system of palladium was not altogether left out. The turrets to the north conform to the Mughal while those standing to the south are true specimens of an ancient style. The palaces of Kota situated within the four walls of the fort stand as an admirable mixture of Indo-Muslim style of architecture. The small turrets, cupolas, and steeple. Slightly projecting eaves, balconies, canopy- like roofs of the palaces, all put together present a charming picture over-looking the purple water of the fast flowing turbulent Chambal below.