The Gagron Fort is situated in the Jhalawar district of Rajasthan which is 45 miles form Kota in the south-east and three miles from the Jhalawar in the north-east. This fort is located in the confluence of the Kalisind and the Ahu rivers, the former surrounding it from three sides provides an unsurpassable barrier.
The blustering kalisind forces its passage from the rocky mountains and dense forest to the valley of great depth below and presents a very awesome sight. The valley near Gagron as Tod describes it, was full three miles wide, the soil fertile and the scenery highly picturesque. The forest on each side echoed with screams of the peacocks, the calls of partriges, and the note of jungle cock who was crowing his motives as the sun gladdened his retreat.”
The fort is magnificient and its architecture is mind-blowing. Its internal architecture attracts many tourists. It is regarded as one of the most important forts of Rajasthan. In the medieval times it was this fort, strategically very important, that provided the first line of defence to the rulers of Kota. The defence of the Gagron fort consisting of mountainous ranges covered with forests through which gushes out the on-rushing water of the rivers. It presents a bold and striking object. On mounting the ridge one can perceive the strength of this position. The rock is scraped by the action of waters to an immense height. The ascent to the summit of the ridge was so gradual owing to Kalisindh’s sweeping along the northern face of the fort and town.
The river now turns to the north ploughing its surpentine passage at a depth of full two hundred feet below the level of the valley, through three distinct ranges, each chasm or opening appearing like a huge portal. On whichever side the enemy might attack he would have to take the bull by the horns. The fort was constructed by the Dod Rajputs in whose possession it remained upto the 12th century. It is also called Dodgarh after its founder. The Khichi ruler Deosi had married his sister to Bijal Dodia whom he murdered with the help of his sister and acquired the fort. He renamed the fort after his sister’s name as Gangarun.
The Gagron fort has faced many attacks. Hoshangah of Malwa long had a coveted eye on the Gagron fort which he ultimately attacked in 1423 A.D. Achaldas Khichi, the ruler of Gagron fort, had fought valiantly, but unfortunately the fort was occupied by the muslims. Mohammed Khilji, attacked Gagron, there upon a big army from Mewar rushed to relieve the garrison. In the ensuing fight the Rajpoots were defeated and Palhan singh and Dhir singh were killed. The fort was occupied by the sultans. Later on in Gagron was attacked by sultan Muhammad of Malwa. Medini Rao, the ruler of Gagron sought Rana Sangas’ help which coming, the sultans was defeated and taken prisoner.
During his time Bahadur Shah brought it under his control. After some time it passede into the hands of the mughals when they attacked Malwa. The fort remains with the Mughals. The Syed brothers, designated as King makers conferred this fort on Maharao Bheem singh in token of their gratitude for the support. Jhala Jalim singh repaired and renovated it and made it a centre for the reserve force.
Gagron is also famous for its parrot all over Rajasthan. The mosque of Mithashah built in Hindu style of architecture contains an inscription in Persian.
The other inscription pertains to the Rao of Bikaner who was the Mughal Governor of the fort. The third denotes the construction of cenotaph by Mian ishan. Other inscriptions have also been found which throw light on the various aspects of the fort.
The fort has been a central place of activity and its solidarity of natural defences baffled the zeal of the invader. The Achaldas ‘Khichi-Ki-Vachanika’ of Shivadas vividly describes the stiff resistance and unrivalled gallantry of Achaldas who fell down in the field of battle during the attack.
According to this narrative Doongar singh, Mokal singh, Palan Singh were the other great Sardars who sacrificed their lives.